“Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord”

– Colossians 3:23

Phonics & Early Reading


Phonics is the process that is used to help children read by teaching them phonemes (sounds) for graphemes (letters). At Lower Peover, we strongly believe that Phonics provides the foundations of all learning in English to ensure children develop into fluent reader and writers.

Children learn to segment (break up) words into sounds and blend them back together in order to read accurately. Children also use their Phonics knowledge to encode by using their phoneme and grapheme knowledge in order to build words and spell accurately.

Phonics at Lower Peover follows our own adapted version of The Department of Education programme ‘Letters and Sounds’. Our Phonics teaching and learning is progressive from EYFS up to Year 2. Our carefully sequenced approach allows children to become confident in segmenting, blending and decoding words through each phonics phase. Each week children take home decodeable Phonics books matched to the sounds they have learnt in order consolidate and apply their learning. 

There are six phases within the Letters and Sounds programme: –

  • Phase 1 – Activities are divided into seven aspects. Environmental Sounds, Instrumental Sounds, Body Sounds, Rhythm and Rhyme, Alliteration, Voice Sounds and finally Oral Blending and Segmenting.
  • Phase 2 – Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting sounds into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
  • Phase 3 – The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as “ch”, “oo” and “th” representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
  • Phase 4 – No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
  • Phase 5 – Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
  • Phase 6 – Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters.

Right from their first day at Lower Peover, children begin the Phonics programme so that they become fluent and confident readers. They are also provided with many opportunities to engage with exciting books that fire their imagination and motivate them to learn Phonics in order to become competent readers.

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